1938 - Kamaal Amrohi starts career
The number of Hindi talkies drops to 88 this year. The
is the entry of Kamaal Amrohi.
Born in a rich landlord family in Amroha near Moradabad
U. P., Sayyad
Ameer Hyder Kamaal "Amrohi" died on February 11, 1993 at age 76. From
childhood he liked to write stories. He went to Madan Theaters,
Calcutta, but did not get anywhere. So he went to Bombay Talkies and
wrote a story. He recited it to Sohrab Modi, who decided to let the
young man write the lyrics and dialogs for the movie "Jailor (1938)"
based on his story. Next year, he gets to write "Pukar", which was much
praised for its dialogs involving the king, Chandramohan and, minister,
Sohrab Modi. These two movies established Kamaal as a writer.
Producer Ashok Kumar wanted to cast Meena Kumari in
Mahal (1949), but
Kamaal did not like her that much. He insisted on Madhubala and Ashok
finally gave in. The first mystery suspense Hindi movie was a slickly
directed by Kamaal and was hugely successful in establishing Madhubala.
A much younger Meena Kumari, on the other hand, saw a
picture of the
director of Mahal and fell in love with him. He was a poet, she was a
poet. He knew her as one of the three daughters of Master Ali Baksh and
had rejected her for a child role in "Jailor" already. One day while
travelling from Mahabaleshwar to Bombay, Meena was involved in
a car accident, and while she was in a hospital in Poona, Kamaal used to
go to see her. Apparently, he liked her now and they got married
quietly on February 15, 1952.
We will pick up their careers later.
Some other movies in 1938 were:
abhaagin - first movie for Chaman Puri, older brother of
baaGbaan - Naushad recorded a song as an assistant for
bahaadur kisaan - First Hindi movie for Bhagwaan as
brahmachaarii - In her very first film as heroine,
becomes the first heroine to wear a swimming suit, bathe in
cold water and sing a song, "jamunaa biich khelu.N khel,
akelii kyaa, saajanaa, lehare.n hilore khaatii". It was
very controversial, but she was married and her husband,
Pandurang Yashvant Shirodkar, did not mind!
gramophone singer - Anil Biswas records Zohrabai
song: "piyaa ghar naahi.n akelii mohe Dar laage" written by
industrial India - Naushad is assistant again for
miiThaa zahar - naushad is assistant to MD B. S. hoogan
street singer - Kanan Devi sings 6 wonderful songs. Two
by Saigal. A must-see movie available on video. The famous music
director Khemchandra Prakash (Mahal fame) provides the male voice
in a comedy song: "lo khaalo madam khanaa, kyo.n itanii der lagaaii"
vatan - Anil Biswas uses a tune created by Kazi Nazrul
Islaam in the
song, "ragge ja.n se Ku.n uchhal pa.De jis pe jaaye jal"
zamaana - a beautiful song from this movie "ai dard
zaraa dam le,
karavaT to badalane de" sung by Amirjan, later known as Amirbai
Karnataki was played in the background on the Radio in the
1948 movie "ghar kii izzat" starring Dilip Kumar.
Most of the info comes from the following books:
1. The Encyclopaedia, volume 1, compiled by Mr. Har
"Hamraaz", published by Mrs. Satinder Kaur, his wife.
2. Listeners' Bulletin, a monthly, edited by Hamraaz
published by the Secretary, the Flying Listener's Club, Kanpur.
Surjit Singh, a movie fan period.
is my preferred address.
to the Index of Articles by Surjit Singh
to Surjit Singh's Home Page